7 Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRTs) Available in the Market​

Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) products have a small amount of nicotine to replace the one you get from smoking cigarettes. NRT products are available over the counter from the local pharmacy as well as prescribed by your GP or local Stop Smoking Service. Use them for about 12 weeks, or as long as you need to prevent from smoking again.

 

Nicotine patches

Nicotine patches are the most studied type of nicotine replacement therapy and can provide long term relief from nicotine withdrawal. They work by releasing nicotine directly into the bloodstream through your skin in order to relieve cravings and withdrawal symptoms and can be easily worn beneath the clothes.

 

Nicotine lozenges

These lozenges can dissolve slowly in your mouth and provide short term relief from nicotine withdrawal symptoms as well as oral cravings. By combining with the nicotine patch, you will get the most effective smoking cessation for long term relief as well as breakthrough carvings. But, it’s unsuitable for people having mouth ulcers.

 

Nicotine nasal spray

They offer the fastest action in the nicotine replacement methods. They can provide a swift and effective nicotine dose by releasing one spray into each nostril. But, they have a higher risk of becoming addicted. Therefore, you require a doctor’s prescription to use it.

 

Nicotine inhaler

Nicotine inhalers are also the fastest one among the NRT methods. They mimic the use of cigarettes, release vapour that is absorbed through your mouth and throat and can make them even more addictive. They work quicker than gum and lozenges. They also require a doctor’s prescription.

 

Nicotine gum

Nicotine gum provides the short bursts of nicotine to combat cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Chew pieces of gum slowly until you get a peppery taste or tingle in your mouth, then they will rest on the inside of your cheek, and nicotine is absorbed through the lining of your mouth.

 

Nicotine microtab

Nicotine microtab is a small tablet that contains nicotine and can dissolve quickly under the tongue. It is more discreet than other oral aids as you don't chew or suck. But, they can deliver a relatively small amount of nicotine.

 

E-cigarette / Vape

An e-cigarette, which is sometimes called an e-cig or a Vape, can allow you to inhale nicotine in the vapour rather than smoke. Although they are not risk-free as they still carry a small fraction of the risk of cigarettes, they are at least 95% less harmful.

 

How Safe is NRT?

You can consider that nicotine replacement therapy is safe for the smokers because it can’t make increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes in the smokers with a history of cardiovascular disease. But, not sure that it is safe for the pregnant women.

 

What To Do If I Get Nicotine Overdose From NRT?

When you experience the serious symptoms of nicotine overdose or nicotine poisoning like rapid breathing, disturbed vision or hearing, dizziness or faintness, confusion, or seizures, call your doctor or call Poison Control and get emergency help quickly.

 

Sources

https://www.addictionsandrecovery.org/quit-smoking/how-to-quit-smoking-plan.htm

https://www.nhs.uk/oneyou/for-your-body/quit-smoking/9-stop-smoking-aids-that-can-help-you-quit